Among the manifold works of H.P. Lovecraft, the master of cosmic horror and weird fiction, there is one that stands out as a curious and anomalous specimen: a tale of whimsy and irony, co-authored with his youthful friend R.H. Barlow. This story, unlike most of Lovecraft’s tales, is a humorous and ironic parody of the typical fantasy adventure, in which a greedy and ambitious wizard-auditor named Yalden seeks to plunder the treasure of a mysterious and powerful necromancer named Anathas. This review will examine the story’s origins, themes, symbolism, reception, and significance.
The Hoard of the Wizard-Beast is a short story by H. P. Lovecraft and R. H. Barlow, written in 1933 but not published until 1994. It is a parody of the ordinary fantasy adventure, in which the wizard-auditor named Yalden seeks to replenish the empty treasury of the city of Zeth by raiding the hoard of a mysterious and powerful necromancer named Anathas. Along the way, he encounters various absurd and deceptive creatures, such as Oorn, a furry blob that poses as a god and oracle; Sarall, a tiny maggot that claims to be the Lord of Worms; and Anathas himself, a monstrous seven-eyed beast that mocks Yalden's folly. The story ends with Yalden trapped in Anathas' lair, surrounded by fire and salamanders, while the necromancer gloats over his impending doom.
The story is a clear departure from Lovecraft's usual style and themes, as it employs a light-hearted tone, a satirical approach, and a whimsical plot. It is also one of the few stories that Lovecraft co-wrote with another author, in this case his young friend and protégé Robert H. Barlow, who was only sixteen years old at the time. The collaboration was done during Lovecraft's visit to Barlow's home in Florida, and it reflects their mutual interest in fantasy literature and their playful sense of humor. The story also shows Lovecraft's influence on Barlow, who would later become a respected scholar of Mesoamerican culture and literature.
The story can be seen as a parody of several aspects of fantasy fiction, such as the quest motif, the hero archetype, the exotic setting, the magical creatures, and the hidden treasure. It also pokes fun at some of Lovecraft's own tropes, such as the cosmic horror, the forbidden knowledge, the ancient cults, and the alien gods. The story subverts the expectations of the reader by presenting a protagonist who is neither heroic nor sympathetic, but rather greedy and arrogant; a world that is not mysterious or awe-inspiring, but rather ridiculous and nonsensical; and a climax that is not thrilling or satisfying, but rather anticlimactic and ironic.
The story also contains some elements of symbolism and allegory, which can be interpreted in different ways. For example, some critics have suggested that Oorn represents Lovecraft's view of religion as a fraud and a manipulation; that Sarall represents Lovecraft's disdain for self-proclaimed authorities and experts; that Anathas represents Lovecraft's fear of death and oblivion; and that Yalden represents Lovecraft's critique of capitalism and imperialism. Others have argued that the story is a reflection of Lovecraft's personal life and relationships, such as his marriage to Sonia Greene, his friendship with Barlow, his financial difficulties, and his health problems.
The story has received mixed reviews from critics and fans alike. Some have praised it as a witty and entertaining spoof of fantasy conventions, as well as a rare glimpse into Lovecraft's lighter side. Others have dismissed it as a trivial and immature work, unworthy of Lovecraft's reputation as a master of horror. Some have also criticized it for its lack of originality, coherence, and depth, as well as its use of racial stereotypes and slurs.
However, despite its flaws and limitations, The Hoard of the Wizard-Beast remains an interesting and unique example of Lovecraft's literary output. It demonstrates his versatility as a writer, his ability to collaborate with others, his willingness to experiment with different genres and styles, and his sense of humor and irony. It also reveals his influence on other writers, especially those who followed him in creating fantasy worlds and stories. The story can be seen as an early precursor to modern works of comic fantasy, such as those by Terry Pratchett or Neil Gaiman.
The story can also be compared to other works by Lovecraft himself, both in terms of similarities and differences. For instance, it shares some features with his Dream Cycle stories, such as The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath or The Silver Key , which also involve fantastic journeys to strange lands populated by bizarre beings. However, unlike those stories, which are serious and poetic in tone, The Hoard of the Wizard-Beast is humorous and sarcastic in tone. It also differs from his Cthulhu Mythos stories , such as The Call of Cthulhu or At the Mountains of Madness , which are based on a coherent cosmology and mythology that evoke horror and awe in the reader. In contrast , The Hoard of the Wizard-Beast is based on a random assortment of creatures and concepts that evoke laughter and ridicule in the reader.
In conclusion , The Hoard of the Wizard-Beast is a remarkable work by H.P. Lovecraft and R.H. Barlow , which deserves attention and appreciation from both scholars and fans of fantasy and horror literature. It is a rare example of Lovecraft's comedic and parodic side , which shows his creative and collaborative spirit. It is also a valuable contribution to the history and development of fantasy fiction , which challenges and subverts the conventions and expectations of the genre.
- Barlow, R.H., & Lovecraft, H.P. (1994). The hoard of the wizard-beast and one other. West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press.
- Cannon, P. (2001). H.P. Lovecraft. New York, NY: Twayne Publishers.
- Joshi, S.T. (2001). A dreamer and a visionary: H.P. Lovecraft in his time. Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press.
- Joshi, S.T., & Schultz, D.E. (2001). An H.P. Lovecraft encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
- Klein, T.E.D. (1986). The Cthulhu mythos: A guide. In R.M. Price (Ed.), The Cthulhu mythos encyclopedia (pp. 5-9). Oakland, CA:
- Skal, D.J. (1996). The monster show: A cultural history of horror. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company.
- Wymer, N.C. (2018). H.P. Lovecraft and the black magicians . Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.
Note: The works of H.P. Lovecraft are in the public domain.
The Hoard of the Wizard-Beast
By H. P. Lovecraft and R. H. Barlow
There had happened in the teeming and many-towered city of Zeth one of those incidents which are prone to take place in all capitals of all worlds. Nor, simply because Zeth lies on a planet of strange beasts and stranger vegetation, did this incident differ greatly from what might have occurred in London or Paris or any of the great governing towns we know. Through the cleverly concealed dishonesty of an aged but shrewd official, the treasury was exhausted. No shining phrulder, as of old, lay stacked about the strong-room; and over empty coffers the sardonic spider wove webs of mocking design. When, at last, the giphath Yalden entered that obscure vault and discovered the thefts, there were left only some phlegmatic rats which peered sharply at him as at an alien intruder.
There had been no accountings since Kishan the old keeper had died many moon-turns before, and great was Yalden’s dismay to find this emptiness instead of the expected wealth. The indifference of the small creatures in the cracks between the flagstones could not spread itself to him. This was a very grave matter, and would have to be met in a very prompt and serious way. Clearly, there was nothing to do but consult Oorn, and Oorn was a highly portentous being.
Oorn, though a creature of extremely doubtful nature, was the virtual ruler of Zeth. It obviously belonged somewhere in the outer abyss, but had blundered into Zeth one night and suffered capture by the shamith priests. The coincidence of Its excessively bizarre aspect and Its innate gift of mimicry had impressed the sacred brothers as offering vast possibilities, hence in the end they had set It up as a god and an oracle, organising a new brotherhood to serve It—and incidentally to suggest the edicts it should utter and the replies It should give. Like the Delphi and Dodona of a later world, Oorn grew famous as a giver of judgments and solver of riddles; nor did Its essence differ from them save that It lay infinitely earlier in Time, and upon an elder world where all things might happen. And now Yalden, being not above the credulousness of his day and planet, had set out for the close-guarded and richly-fitted hall wherein Oorn brooded and mimicked the promptings of the priests.
When Yalden came within sight of the Hall, with its tower of blue tile, he became properly religious, and entered the building acceptably, in a humble manner which greatly impeded progress. According to custom, the guardians of the deity acknowledged his obeisance and pecuniary offering, and retired behind heavy curtains to ignite the thuribles. After everything was in readiness, Yalden murmured a conventional prayer and bowed low before a curious empty dais studded with exotic jewels. For a moment—as the ritual prescribed—he stayed in this abased position, and when he arose the dais was no longer empty. Unconcernedly munching something the priests had given It was a large pudgy creature very hard to describe, and covered with short grey fur. Whence It had come in so brief a time only the priests might tell, but the suppliant knew that It was Oorn.
Hesitantly Yalden stated his unfortunate mission and asked advice; weaving into his discourse the type of flattery which seemed to him most discreet. Then, with anxiety, he awaited the oracle’s response. Having tidily finished Its food, Oorn raised three small reddish eyes to Yalden and uttered certain words in a tone of vast decisiveness: “Gumay ere hfotuol leheht teg.” After this It vanished suddenly in a cloud of pink smoke which seemed to issue from behind the curtain where the acolytes were. The acolytes then came forth from their hiding-place and spoke to Yalden, saying: “Since you have pleased the deity with your concise statement of a very deplorable state of affairs, we are honored by interpreting its directions. The aphorism you heard signifies no less than the equally mystic phrase ‘Go thou unto thy destination’ or more properly speaking, you are to slay the monster-wizard Anathas, and replenish the treasury with its fabled hoard.”
With this Yalden was dismissed from the temple. It may not be said in veracity that he was fearless, for in truth, he was openly afraid of the monster Anathas, as were all the inhabitants of Ullathia and the surrounding land. Even those who doubted its actuality would not have chosen to reside in the immediate neighborhood of the Cave of Three Winds wherein it was said to dwell.
But the prospect was not without romantic appeal, and Yalden was young and consequently unwise. He knew, among other things, that there was always the hope of rescuing some feminine victim of the monster’s famed and surprising erotic taste. Of the true aspect of Anathas none could be certain; tales of a widely opposite nature being commonly circulated. Many vowed it had been seen from afar in the form of a giant black shadow peculiarly repugnant to human taste, while others alleged it was a mound of gelatinous substance that oozed hatefully in the manner of putrescent flesh. Still others claimed they had seen it as a monstrous insect with astonishing supernumerary appurtenances. But in one thing all coincided; namely, that it was advisable to have as little traffic as possible with Anathas.
With due supplications to his gods and to their messenger Oorn, Yalden set out for the Cave of Three Winds. In his bosom were mixed an ingrained, patriotic sense of duty, and a thrill of adventurous expectancy regarding the unknown mysteries he faced. He had not neglected such preparations as a sensible man might make, and a wizard of old repute had furnished him with certain singular accessories. He had, for example, a charm which prevented his thirsting or hungering, and wholly did away with his need for provisions. There was likewise a glistening cape to counteract the evil emanations of a mineral that lay scattered over the rocky ground along his course. Other warnings and safeguards dealt with certain gaudy land-crustaceans, and with the deathly-sweet mists which arise at certain points until dispersed by heliotropism.
Thus shielded, Yalden fared without incident until he came to the place of the White Worm. Here of necessity he delayed to make preparations for finding the rest of his way. With patient diligence he captured the small colorless maggot, and surrounded it with a curious mark made with green paint. As was prophesied, the Lord of Worms, whose name was Sarall, made promise of certain things in return for its freedom. Then Yalden released it, and it crawled away after directing him on the course he was to follow.
The sere and fruitless land through which he now travelled was totally uninhabited. Not even the hardier of the beasts were to be seen beyond the edge of that final plateau which separated him from his goal. Far off, in a purplish haze, rose the mountains amidst which dwelt Anathas. It lived not solitary, despite the lonely region around, for strange pets resided with it—some the fabled elder monsters, and others unique beings created by its own fearful craft.
At the heart of its cave, legend said, Anathas had concealed an enormous hoard of jewels, gold, and other things of fabulous value. Why so potent a wonder-worker should care for such gauds, or revel in the counting of money, was by no means clear; but many things attested the truth of these tastes. Great numbers of persons of stronger will and wit than Yalden had died in remarkable manners while seeking the hoard of the wizard-beast, and their bones were laid in a strange pattern before the mouth of the cave, as a warning to others.
When, after countless vicissitudes, Yalden came at last into sight of the Cave of Winds amid the glistening boulders, he knew indeed that report had not lied concerning the isolation of Anathas’ lair. The cavern-mouth was well-concealed, and over everything an ominous quiet lowered. There was no trace of habitation, save of course the ossuary ornamentation in the front yard. With his hand on the sword that had been sanctified by a priest of Oorn, Yalden tremblingly advanced. When he had attained the very opening of the lair, he hesitated no longer, for it was evident that the monster was away.
Deeming this the best of all times to prosecute his business, Yalden plunged at once within the cave. The interior was very cramped and exceedingly dirty, but the roof glittered with an innumerable array of small, varicoloured lights, the source of which was not to be perceived. In the rear yawned another opening, either natural or artificial; and to this black, low-arched burrow Yalden hastened, crawling within it on hands and knees. Before long a faint blue radiance glowed at the farther end, and presently the searcher emerged into an ampler space. Straightening up, he beheld a most singular change in his surroundings. This second cavern was tall and domed as if it had been shapen by supernatural powers, and a soft blue and silver light infused the gloom. Anathas, thought Yalden, lived indeed in comfort; for this room was finer than anything in the Palace of Zeth, or even in the Temple of Oorn, upon which had been lavished unthinkable wealth and beauty. Yalden stood agape, but not for long, since he desired most of all to seek the object of his quest and depart before Anathas should return from wherever it might be. For Yalden did not wish to encounter the monster-sorcerer of which so many tales were told. Leaving therefore this second cave by a narrow cleft which he saw, the seeker followed a devious and unlit way far down through the solid rock of the plateau. This, he felt, would take him to that third and ultimate cavern where his business lay. As he progressed, he glimpsed ahead of him a curious glow; and at last, without warning, the walls receded to reveal a vast open space paved solidly with blazing coals above which flapped and shrieked an obscene flock of wyvern-headed birds. Over the fiery surface green monstrous salamanders slithered, eyeing the intruder with malignant speculation. And on the far side rose the stairs of a metal dais, encrusted with jewels, and piled high with precious objects; the hoard of the wizard-beast.
At sight of this unattainable wealth, Yalden’s fervour well-nigh overcame him; and chaffing at his futility, he searched the sea of flame for some way of crossing. This, he soon perceived, was not readily to be found; for in all that glowing crypt there was only a slight crescent of flooring near the entrance which a mortal man might hope to walk on. Desperation, however, possessed him; so that at last he resolved to risk all and try the fiery pavement. Better to die in the quest than to return empty-handed. With teeth set, he started toward the sea of flame, heedless of what might follow.
As it was, surprise seared him almost as vehemently as he had expected the flames to do—for with his advance, the glowing floor divided to form a narrow lane of safe cool earth leading straight to the golden throne. Half dazed, and heedless of whatever might underlie such curiously favouring magic, Yalden drew his sword and strode boldly betwixt the walls of flame that rose from the rifted pavement. The heat hurt him not at all, and the wyvern-creatures drew back, hissing, and did not molest him.
The hoard now glistened close at hand, and Yalden thought of how he would return to Zeth, laden with fabulous spoils and worshipped by throngs as a hero. In his joy he forgot to wonder at Anathas’ lax care of its treasures; nor did the very friendly behaviour of the fiery pavement seem in any way remarkable. Even the huge arched opening behind the dais, so oddly invisible from across the cavern, failed to disturb him seriously. Only when he had mounted the broad stair of the dais and stood ankle-deep amid the bizarre golden reliques of other ages and other worlds, and the lovely, luminous gems from unknown mines and of unknown natures and meanings, did Yalden begin to realise that anything was wrong.
But now he perceived that the miraculous passage through the flaming floor was closing again, leaving him marooned on the dais with the glittering treasure he had sought. And when it had fully closed, and his eyes had circled round vainly for some way of escape, he was hardly reassured by the shapeless jelly-like shadow which loomed colossal and stinking in the great archway behind the dais. He was not permitted to faint, but was forced to observe that this shadow was infinitely more hideous than anything hinted in any popular legend, and that its seven iridescent eyes were regarding him with placid amusement.
Then Anathas the wizard-beast rolled fully out of the archway, mighty in necromantic horror, and jested with the small frightened conqueror before allowing that horde of slavering and peculiarly hungry green salamanders to complete their slow, anticipatory ascent of the dais.